De europæiske regeringer forsøger at koordinere deres finansindsats under coronakrisen, og selv om finanshjælpen i snit svarer til 2 pct. af BNP, så giver regeringerne ikke så meget som ECB med sit opkøbsprogram på 750 milliarder euro.
Uddrag fra ING:
Eurozone: Finance ministers show solidarity but prefer separate accounts
Tonight’s meeting of Eurozone finance ministers showed that fiscal measures to tackle the crisis will remain coordinated. However, it remains a bottom-up rather than a top-down approach
The fight against the economic fallout of Covid-19 continues. European leaders will have another video conference on Thursday and tonight Eurozone finance ministers had to investigate options for more coordinated fiscal action. At the current juncture, corona bonds seem to be one bridge too far. The Eurozone stands together to fight this unprecedented crisis but still prefers separate estates.
Up to now, Eurozone (or all European) countries have engaged in unprecedented and swift fiscal measures to tackle the economic crisis, caused by Covid-19 and the preventive measures to “flatten the curve”. All national measures follow similar patterns, they are a combination of short-time work schemes, guarantees and liquidity support for companies with financing problems and direct fiscal stimulus, be it for the health care sector or cash-out for smaller companies as adopted by the German government earlier this week. According to Eurogroup president Centeno, Eurozone member states have on average adopted fiscal stimulus measures of some 2% of GDP and guarantee schemes of some 13% of GDP. Previously, European finance ministers had agreed to activate the so-called escape clause, a waiver for the fiscal rules, allowing countries to exceed the 3% deficit limit without triggering an excessive deficit procedure.
A real Eurozone-level counterpart to the ECB’s 750bn euro asset buying programme is still missing
While all the national fiscal measures are impressive and significant and are a kind of implicit coordinated action, a real Eurozone-level counterpart to the ECB’s 750bn euro asset buying programme is still missing. This is why the Eurogroup had started discussing possible options like corona bonds and ESM support. Phrases in the president Centeno’s comments like ‘more work needs to be done’ and ‘the discussion has just started’ are normally the European equivalent for ‘we agree to disagree’. This at least seems to hold for the idea of a corona bond.
The more viable option seems to be a precautionary credit line from the ESM. It is part of the existing toolbox of the ESM and allows member states to ask for temporary help. In particular, the so-called ECCL (enhanced conditions credit line) looks like the right option as it does not require a debt sustainability analysis beforehand. According to ESM managing director Klaus Regling during the press conference after the Eurogroup meeting, an ECCL would be most suitable in the current situation. It would give countries access to a credit line of up to 2% of GDP, and possibly even more, which could be used to finance the costs of the immediate policy response to the crisis. It is a nice coincident that the fiscal measures announced so far are on average 2% of GDP per Eurozone country.
The escape clause, EIB financing and a possible ESM credit line together with an ECB keeping financing costs low are in our view clearly sufficient to finance the fiscal measures to tackle the economic crisis. Even in countries with less sustainable public finances. However, the reluctance to agree on corona bonds or other forms of clear burden sharing, at least for now, means that a euro debt crisis could return in the aftermath of the current crisis, no matter when this will be. On Thursday, we will know whether European government leaders follow the advice of their finance ministers.