I en pressemeddelelse skriver United Nation, at COP 26-præsidenten i sine indledende bemærkninger understregede behovet for, at partnere samles om praktiske løsninger. Storbritanniens udenrigs-, Commonwealth- og udviklingsminister understregede behovet for at overveje, hvor internationale systemer kan gøre mere for at levere presserende klimaindsats.
Her talte han ifølge UN direkte til donorerne og de finansielle institutioner i lokalet og understregede, at mobilisering af finansiering er afgørende for gennemførelsen af Paris-aftalen.
Ministrene skitserede det presserende behov for adgang til alle typer finansiering for at dekarbonisere deres økonomier og tilpasse sig klimaændringer. Deltagerne erkendte, at selv om mængden af klimafinansiering steg, var der fortsat barrierer for at få adgang til den nødvendige finansiering for at understøtte leveringen af klimaindsats og bæredygtig udvikling.
Deltagerne fremhævede udfordringer, herunder:
“the transparency of finance flows, high application and reporting requirements for bilateral and multilateral finance, and the importance of harmonising requirements across finance providers. The importance of increased use of direct access modalities was also raised by several participants. The participants recognised that political will was required to streamline and simplify approaches and that greater individual and collective action would be needed before COP26. Aligning climate finance behind national plans, including Nationally Determined Contributions and National Adaptation Plans, was proposed by many as a more effective way to finance climate action. Enhanced support for development of national plans as integrated investment tools and the importance of strengthened in-country-coordination between climate finance providers were highlighted as key components.”
Herudover skriver UN:
“Participants recognised that governments’ fiscal pressures have been exacerbated by the pandemic, impacting countries’ abilities to pursue their development priorities, including the increasingly urgent and evident issues of climate change and biodiversity loss. Some participants noted that climate impacts such as disasters or extreme weather, further constrain fiscal space. According to the IMF/World Bank debt sustainability analyses, about half of low-income developing countries are at high risk of debt distress or are in debt distress already. Creating fiscal space, both through international initiatives and domestic efforts, was judged as critical to creating the conditions for countries to achieve a green, inclusive and resilient recovery.”
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